The USS Chilton (APA-38) was a Bayfield-class attack transport. The main duties of the ship were to safely and timely transport troops in and out of combat zones.
The most notable deployments of the USS Chilton were during World War II, when it was primarily engaged in operations against the Empire of Japan.
For its efforts during the war, the vessel was awarded a battle star.
Technical Features of the USS Chilton (APA-38)
Class and type: Bayfield Class Attack Transport
Launch date: 29 December 1942
First Commissioning date (only partially commissioned): 29 May 1943
First Decommissioning date: 10 July 1943
Second Commissioning date: 7 December 1943
Second Decommissioning date: 1 July 1972
Displacement: 16,100 full load
Length: 492 ft 6 in
Draft: 26 ft 6 in
Beam: 69 ft 6 in
Speed: 18.4 kts
Complement: 51 officers and 524 enlisted
Propulsion: single propeller, 8,500 shp
Capacity: 4,700 t
Fuel capacity: NSFO 8,510 bbls
Armament: two single 5-inch/38 caliber dual purpose gun mounts, two 1.1-inch gun mounts, four 40mm AA gun mounts, eighteen 20mm AA gun mounts
History of the USS Chilton (APA-38)
The USS Chilton was built by the Western Pipe and Steel Company in San Francisco, California, and it was initially planned for it to be constructed as an SS Needle. The vessel was sponsored by Mrs. Henry A. Reilly, and it was commissioned on 7 December 1943 having Commander A. C. Geisenhoff in command. From January to October 1944, the Chilton played the role of a training ship for other attack transports that were being tested at sea before beginning their commissioning processes.
On 23 January 1945, the Chilton docked at Pearl Harbor, where it took troops onboard to get them to Leyte. On 26 March 1945, the vessel unloaded troops at Kerama Retto in preparation for the attack on Okinawa. The Chilton was then sailing around Okinawa to support the beachhead formation. On 30 April 1945, the Chilton departed from Okinawa to San Francisco for an overhaul. In July 1945, the Chilton steamed to Ulithi to embark troops and artillery for Okinawa. The ship was assigned to embark both U.S. troops and Chinese troops while visiting Chinwangtao, Hong Kong, Jinsen, Nagoya, and Tientsin.
The Chilton was involved in Operation Magic Carpet, participating in two tours, one to the Philippines and another to Okinawa, only returning to San Francisco on 10 May 1946. On 2 June 1946, the Chilton left San Francisco to take part in the testing of the atomic bomb occurring at Bikini Atoll. Afterward, the vessel was headed to China and Japan for duty. In November 1948, the Chilton departed San Francisco to bring back Marines from China. This mission was completed on 31 May 1949. On 10 December 1949, the ship docked at Norfolk, Virginia, which became its new homeport. In June 1951, the Chilton departed on its first deployment in the Mediterranean.
The Chilton participated in Exercise Mainbrace coordinated by NATO in August 1952. The ship then returned to its operations in the Mediterranean and, through the early 1960s, alternated between missions in the Mediterranean and Caribbean. From the 1960s to the early 1970s, the ship was ordered operations exclusively in the Mediterranean. On 1 January 1969, the Chilton was reclassified as an Amphibious transport; however, on 1 July 1972, the vessel was decommissioned and taken off the Naval Register. In 1974, the Chilton was sold for scrapping to Ships Incorporated of Camden, New Jersey.
Asbestos Risks on the USS Chilton (APA-38)
Asbestos, a mineral that is extremely dangerous if airborne because once it is inhaled, the lungs have no way of eliminating it, was actively used by the U.S. military due to the abundance of the material and its heat resistance. Its fireproofing qualities made asbestos especially popular in the Navy since vessels and submarines generally have large sections of their operating systems producing intense and constant high temperatures.
Considerable amounts of asbestos were used in below-deck spaces, but asbestos-embedded materials also found their way into pipes, electrical wiring, and even the sleeping quarters, meaning that regardless of their job being above or below deck, people who served in the Navy were at high risk of having been exposed to the toxic fiber.
Identifying an asbestos-related disease on one's own is quite the impossible mission since such illnesses not only take decades to manifest, the latency period lasting anywhere from 10 to 50 years, but symptoms are often misinterpreted leading to a diagnosis coming generally too late.
Have You Been Exposed to Asbestos on the USS Chilton (APA-38)?
We can help you learn more about asbestos and the Navy. If you have developed cancer due to your service and want to legally seek compensation, we can put you in contact with qualified asbestos lawyers.