The USS Oklahoma City was a Cleveland-class Light Cruise, later on, converted into a Galveston-class Guided Missile Cruiser.
The USS Oklahoma City primarily operated during World War II and the Vietnam War. The ship had the longest active service history compared to all the ships in its class. Therefore, Oklahoma City managed to gather a total of 13 battle stars for its engagement in Vietnam missions.
Technical Features of the USS Oklahoma City (CL-91)
Class and type: Cleveland-class Light Cruise
Launch date: 20th February 1944
Commissioning date: 22nd December 1944
Decommissioning date: 30th June 1947
Second Commissioning date: 7th September 1960
Second Decommissioning date: 15th December 1979
Displacement: 11,932 t
Length: 610 ft 1 in
Draft: 25 ft 6 in
Beam: 66.3 ft
Speed: 32.5 knots
Complement: 1, 255 officers and enlisted
Propulsion: 4 General Electric geared steam turbines
Armament: three 6-inch/47 caliber guns in one triple mount, two 5-inch/38 caliber guns in one twin mount, one Mk-7 Talos missile launcher
History of the USS Oklahoma City (CL-91)
The USS Oklahoma City was built by Cramp Shipbuilding of Philadelphia. The ship was sponsored by Mrs. Anton H. Classen, and it was commissioned on 22 December 1944 with Captain C. B. Hunt in command.
After the customary shakedown, the vessel took the route of the Panama Canal and joined Commander Cruisers Pacific Fleet. On 2 May 1945, the ship arrived at Pearl Harbor.
On 22 May, the USS Oklahoma City departed for Ulithi, and on 6 June, it met Carrier Task Group 38 and assisted it during the Okinawa campaign. In fact, the ship was part of quite a few collective operations, like when it formed a bombardment group along with other cruisers and destroyers while participating in the same Okinawa deployment. Even at the end of hostilities with the Japanese islands, the USS Oklahoma City continued to be on guard while sailing around the coast of Japan.
It was only on 20 January 1946 that the ship steamed to the United States. On 15 August, the ship was stationed at the Mare Island Navy Yard, and on 30 June 1947, the vessel was decommissioned.
The Oklahoma City underwent an impressive conversion, and at Bethlehem Steel Corp, Pacific Coast Yard, San Francisco, it became a Galveston-class Guided Missile Light Cruiser. Implicitly, the ship's hull designation changed to CLG-5. After the vessel's conversion was entirely finished on 31 August 1960, the Oklahoma City was towed to Hunter's Point. There, on 7 September, the ship began its second commissioning process while having in command Captain Ben W. Sarver.
While engaged in yet another compulsory shakedown training, Oklahoma City successfully fired a Talos-guided missile. The ship was the first combatant unit in the US Pacific Fleet to have accomplished such an achievement. After the preparatory exercises, the USS Oklahoma City underwent more intense training exercises, during which it was the flagship for both Cruiser Division 3 and Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla 9.
On 24 December 1960, the USS Oklahoma City arrived at Yokosuka, Japan, where just a few days later, it became the flagship for Commander, United States Seventh Fleet. The vessel took part in SEATO, otherwise known as Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, exercises. In the same period, the ship was given two awards for excellent operations on the sea.
On 14 December 1962, the USS Oklahoma City entered Long Beach Naval Shipyard in order to complete a large-scale overhaul. Following refresher training in Southern California, in order to get ready for more expanded deployments, the ship departed for Yokosuka to resume its activity as the flagship of the Seventh Fleet. Immediately after it re-joined the Seventh Fleet, US destroyers were attacked by gunboats from North Vietnam, and as a consequence, the ship was on high alert in the Tonkin Gulf for the next 25 days.
Oklahoma City continued to train and steam around ports in the Far East, but then in June 1965, the ship joined in gunfire operations targeting Vietnam. The hostilities only increased, and, therefore, the vessel had to sail around the South China Sea for longer than anticipated. While there, the USS Oklahoma City was a part of notable operations such as "Piranha," "Double Eagle?", "Deckhouse IV" and "Hastings II." Two and a half years after having been the flagship for the Seventh Fleet, the vessel finally had a chance to return to the United States. It immediately entered the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard for an overhaul.
In August 1969, the USS Oklahoma City was yet again by the side of the Seventh Fleet. The ship offered gunfire aid for the troops operating in South Vietnam, organizing attacks against targets in North Vietnam, respectively, on the shore and aircraft.
Starting with 1 July 1969, the USS Oklahoma City responded to the administrative orders of Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Force, US Pacific Fleet, and also Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla 9, both of which had their headquarters in San Diego, California.
In February 1972, the USS Oklahoma City accomplished another important achievement by successfully firing the first surface-to-surface missile in the history of the US Navy. The shot was from its Talos RIM-8H anti-radiation missile, and it was aimed at a mobile air control radar van from North Vietnam. In April of the same year, it was the USS Oklahoma City that was under air attack by 2 Vietnamese MiG-17s, but even if there were two bombs dropped near the ship, it suffered no major damages.
In April 1975, the USS Oklahoma City was engaged in Operation Frequent Wind which focused on evacuating Saigon, a city in Southern Vietnam. After completing this task, the ship was scheduled for a vast overhaul. However, even if the funding for its restoration was approved by Congress, in reality, a very small sum was directed toward the USS Oklahoma City while the rest was distributed toward the improvement of other ships. As a consequence, the ship was only barely functional, and on 15 December 1979, it was decommissioned.
The ship was towed to Pearl Harbor in January 1999 to have parts of it given as a donation to the Missouri Battleship, a museum ship. After everything that was considered to have had museum value was taken off the ship, the USS Oklahoma City filled the role of a target for other ships to use during training. The vessel was hit by torpedoes from a South Korean submarine on 26 March 1999, and as a result, it broke in two and sank.
Asbestos Risks on the USS Oklahoma City (CL-91)
Asbestos is a mineral of the fibrous kind that used to be perceived as the savior of construction industries not too long ago. The toxic substance was highly regarded not only because of its chemical resistance but also because of properties such as flexibility, durability, and, perhaps the blessing appreciated by most, affordability. The dangerous mineral was widely used by the US Navy, especially during World War II when resources were scarce and so cheap and all-around efficient shipbuilding materials were God-given.
The Navy, compared to other branches of the US armed forces, used asbestos in virtually everything. From pipes and cables to equipment to large portions of the ship itself, most components had asbestos embedded into them.
An important and necessary process of ship tending was overhauling. It was an intense practice that happened regularly to ensure functionality onboard. However, the process always involved the disassembling of ships in order to repair or replace faulty machinery, which dissipated asbestos dust in the air. Even if one's job was on the deck far from the tight asbestos-filled below-deck spaces, the entire crew had to keep close to the ship while maintenance work was done, which unfortunately meant that not one single part of the personnel was spared the exposure. If you know somebody who suffers from a malignant asbestos-related disease, you should advise them to speak to a lawyer who specializes in asbestos cases if they wish to seek compensation.
Have You Been Exposed to Asbestos on the USS Oklahoma City (CL-91)?
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