Built by the California Shipbuilding Company in 1944 under the Emergency Shipbuilding program, the SS Chanute Victory served during World War II as a troopship, transporting military personnel to and from combat areas in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It was operated by the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. Since it was laid down when asbestos was a highly prevalent building material, the ship was laden with the dangerous mineral, mostly in the form of insulation. Exposure to asbestos is responsible for terrible diseases such as asbestosis, pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer and mesothelioma. The majority of asbestos exposure on the SS Chanute Victory occurred in the engine room, the propulsion room, the damage control room and the pump room. For this reason, up to 30% of veterans are struggling with a disease as a consequence of military asbestos exposure today, which happens when a person inhales or ingests asbestos fibers from the air. However, it is worthy of note that these diseases develop within 20 to 50 years of the first asbestos exposure, as they have a long latency period. In 1947, the SS Chanute Victory was sold to the Netherlands, which subsequently sold it to Taiwan, and in 1978, the ship was scrapped at Kaohsiung.