The SS James Longstreet was a Liberty Ship built in the United States to be used for World War II operations. The ship was launched in October 1942 at Houston Shipbuilding Corporation in Houston, Texas. Its wartime service consisted of several cargo runs between U.S. West Coast and several islands in the Atlantic until October 1943, when it collided with a British ship in a storm. Afterwards, it was towed to New York and declared a total loss. The ship was acquired by the U.S. Navy and used as a bombing target for air to surface guided missiles but also as part of the Project Dove, a project seeking to develop a heat-seeking bomb for the U.S. Navy. The ship’s remains lie off Eastham, Massachusetts and can sometimes be observed above the water during low tides, but the site is off limits.