The SS Pierre L'Enfant (Hull Number 1001) was a Liberty ship built at Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland, during World War II. The cargo ship was named after Pierre Charles L'Enfant, a French-American military engineer who designed the basic plan for Washington, D.C. known today as the L'Enfant Plan. The SS Pierre L'Enfant was laid down on 17 May 1943, under a Maritime Commission contract and launched on 11 June 1943. Many naval ships were equipped with parts or supplies containing asbestos, an affordable heat-resistant material that can cause cancers and other diseases. Examples of items containing asbestos on a vessel include engine and boiler rooms, mess halls, navigation rooms, and sleeping quarters. The SS Pierre L'Enfant survived the war, even shooting down three enemy aircraft. She was sold into private ownership in 1947. In 1970, the ship was wrecked and subsequently abandoned.