The USS Anzio (CVE-57) was a Casablanca-class escort carrier laid down on December 12, 1942, and launched on May 1, the following year. It was commissioned on August 27, 1943, with the hull number CVE-57 under Capt. Herbert W. Taylor’s command and served in the US Navy for 3 years until it was decommissioned on August 5, 1946. After the decommissioning, the ship was struck from the Navy List on March 1, 1959, and sold for scrapping on November 24, the same year, to Master Metals Corporation. For the services brought to the country during World War II, the USS Anzio received 9 battle stars and 11 Navy Unit Commendations.
Asbestos was used for the insulation of pipes, boilers, electrical fixtures, and hull construction. It was also used as a fire retardant material in paneling, bedding, non-skid flooring on decks, and on bulk headwalls. The personnel operating aboard Navy vessels have learned years later that heavy asbestos exposure can be associated with the development of asbestos-related diseases, such as asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma.