The USS S-45 (SS-156) was a third-group (S-42) S-class submarine of the United States Navy. Her keel was laid down on 29 December 1920 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation's Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts. She was launched on 26 June 1923 sponsored by Mrs. Charles Hibbard and delivered and commissioned on 31 March 1925 with Lieutenant Edwin F. Cochrane in command. As the majority of the S-class submarines, the vessel participated in World War II and was decommissioned in 1945. Prior to 1980, the mineral asbestos was commonly used by all branches of the military for its ability to insulate and fireproof military vehicles, buildings and equipment. Chest radiography and pulmonary function testing should be performed every three to five years in those susceptible to the development of asbestos-related lung conditions.